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50 occupational health and safety questions along with their answers explained in simple words:

 50 occupational health and safety questions along with their answers explained in simple words:


1. What is occupational health and safety (OHS)?

    OHS is about protecting the health, safety, and well-being of employees at work.


2. Why is OHS important?

    It prevents accidents and illnesses, saving lives and reducing costs for businesses.


3. What is a risk assessment?

    A process to identify potential hazards and evaluate the risks associated with them.


4. What is a hazard?

    Anything that can cause harm, like chemicals, electricity, or working from heights.


5. What is risk?

    The chance that someone could be harmed by a hazard.


6. What is a safety policy?

    A statement from an organization outlining its commitment to health and safety.


7. What is PPE (Personal Protective Equipment)?

    Equipment worn to minimize exposure to hazards, like gloves, goggles, and helmets.


8. What is an incident?

    An unplanned event that could cause injury or damage.


9. What is an accident?

    An unplanned event that actually causes injury or damage.


10. What is a near miss?

     An incident where no harm occurred but could have.


11. What is ergonomics?

     Designing the workplace and job tasks to fit the worker, reducing strain and injury.


12. What is a safety audit?

     A systematic review to ensure safety practices are being followed.


13. What is a safety inspection?

     Regular checks to identify and correct hazards in the workplace.


14. What is a safety committee?

     A group of employees and management that meets to discuss and improve workplace safety.


15. What are safety signs?

     Signs that provide information about hazards and safety instructions.


16. What is emergency preparedness?

     Planning and preparing for emergencies like fires or chemical spills.


17. What is first aid?

     Immediate care is given to someone injured or ill before professional help arrives.


18. What is a Safety Data Sheet (SDS)?

     A document that provides information on the properties and handling of chemicals.


19. What is workplace violence?

     Any act of physical violence, threats, or harassment in the workplace.


20. What is the role of an OHS professional?

     To ensure a safe working environment by identifying risks and implementing safety measures.


21. What is a confined space?

     A space with limited entry and exit that is not designed for continuous occupancy, like a tank or silo.


22. What is lockout/tagout?

     Procedures to ensure that machines are properly shut off and cannot be started again before maintenance is complete.


23. What is an occupational disease?

     Illnesses caused by workplace exposures, like lung disease from asbestos.


24. What is manual handling?

     The process of lifting, carrying, or moving objects by hand.


25. What is workplace stress?

     The harmful physical and emotional response when job demands exceed the worker's capabilities.


26. What is noise-induced hearing loss?

     Hearing loss is caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of noise at work.


27. What is a fire drill?

     A practice of the emergency plan for evacuating the workplace in case of fire.


28. What are safety procedures?

     Step-by-step instructions on how to safely perform tasks.


29. What is a hazard report?

     A document used by workers to report hazards to management.


30. What is worker's compensation?

     Insurance provides benefits to employees who get injured or sick from their job.


31. What is a safety culture?

     The attitudes, beliefs, and practices about safety are shared by everyone in the organization.


32. What is a job safety analysis (JSA)?

     A process to identify hazards before they cause accidents, by breaking down a job into steps and analyzing each one.


33. What is respiratory protection?

     Equipment like masks or respirators that protect workers from inhaling hazardous substances.


34. What is a safety training program?

     Educating employees about hazards and how to work safely.


35. What is workplace hygiene?

     Practices to maintain cleanliness and reduce the risk of spreading diseases.


36. What is thermal comfort?

     The state of mind that expresses satisfaction with the surrounding environment's temperature.


37. What is chemical safety?

     Safe handling, storage, and disposal of chemicals to prevent accidents and health risks.


38. What is a health surveillance program?

     Ongoing monitoring of workers' health to detect early signs of work-related illnesses.


39. What is a lifting technique?

     Proper methods of lifting to prevent injury, like keeping the back straight and bending the knees.


40. What is electrical safety?

     Practices to prevent electrical hazards, like using insulated tools and following lockout/tagout procedures.


41. What is workplace housekeeping?

     Keeping the workplace clean and tidy to prevent accidents and injuries.


42. What is an exposure limit?

     The maximum amount of hazardous substances a worker can be exposed to.


43. What is a work permit system?

     A formal system to control certain types of work that are potentially hazardous.


44. What is slip, trip, and fall prevention?

     Measures to prevent accidents caused by slipping, tripping, or falling.


45. What is machine guarding?

     Safety features that protect workers from moving parts of machines.


46. What is emergency evacuation?

     The process of safely leaving a building or area in an emergency.


47. What is a work-related injury?

     Any injury that occurs as a result of job activities.


48. What is an occupational health check?

     Medical exams to ensure workers are fit for their jobs and to identify any work-related health issues.


49. What is a dust hazard?

     Risks are posed by inhaling dust particles, which can cause respiratory problems.


50. What is the role of a safety officer?

     To oversee and enforce safety regulations and practices in the workplace.



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