How to do CPR (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation) ?

CPR (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation)

How to do CPR (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation) ?

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Assure the scene is safe. Ask what has happened. Gently shake the shoulders or tap the patient. Ask loudly ‘Are you OK’ If no response, shout for help.





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Open Airway (protect spine). Gently tilt the head and perform a chin lift to open the airway





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Check Breathing - Look, listen & feel for normal breathing for no more than 10 seconds (patient not breathing normally). Ask for someone to call 999/112 and bring an AED if available, pass on the patients condition and location. If you are alone use your mobile phone. If neither are possible you must go for help before commencing resuscitation.


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Place hands in the center of the patients chest. Perform 30 Chest Compression. Rate of about 100 - 120 per minute. Compress sternum approx 5 - 6 cm. If the patient is a child or infant, compress the chest by one third of its depth. Use one hand for a child and two fingers for an infant.


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Give 2 Rescue Breaths for 1 second each. Continue 30 compression at a rate of about 100 - 120 per minute with 2 rescue breaths between each 30 compression.



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Continue resuscitation until qualified help arrives and takes over, the patient starts breathing normally, or the rescuer becomes exhausted. Stop to recheck the patient only If the patient starts breathing normally, otherwise do not interrupt resuscitation.


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